Alexandria
Egypt 's second largest city, is known as  "The Pearl of the Mediterranean ," due to its 140 km stretch of coastline.  This city holds a significant place in history as a beacon of culture, intellect and heritage; renowned throughout the world.

Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria became the capital of Graeco - Roman Egypt, its status as a beacon of culture symbolized by Pharos, the legendary lighthouse that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World .  The setting for the stormy relationship between Cleopatra and Mark Antony, Alexandria was also the center of learning in the ancient world. But ancient Alexandria declined,

From the 19th century Alexandria took a new role, as a focus for Egypt 's commercial and maritime expansion, generations of immigrants from Greece , Italy and the Levant settled here and made the city synonymous with commerce, cosmopolitanism and bohemian culture.
Alexandria has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern , its ambience and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country although it is actually only 225 km. from Cairo
Alexandria is a city to explore at random. It's as important to enjoy the atmosphere as it is to see the sights.

Attractions Of The City

El-Nebi Daniel St
was the site traditionally thought to be the burial place of Alexander the Great, but that has not been located, and may in fact be beneath the Mosque of Nebi Daniel , or in a nearby Greek necropolis. 


The famous Alexandria Library
The design concept is a simple circle inclined towards the sea, partly submerged in a pool of water, the image of the Egyptian sun, that in contemporary terms illuminate the world and human civilization.

Popey's pillar
An approximately 25m red Aswan granite column with a circumference of 9m, was constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletain .


The Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa .
These tombs were tunneled into the bedrock in the age of the Antonine emperors (2nd century A.D.) for a single wealthy family still practicing the ancient religion. As a privately financed project, it is an engineering feat of some magnitude. These tombs represent the last existing major construction for the sake of the old Egyptian religion.


The Eliahu Hanabi Synagague

Is the only active synagogue in Alexandria and houses the combined treasures of the seven former Alexandrian synagogues.

Saad Zaghlul Square
Was the location of the Caesareum This was a magnificent temple begun by Cleopatra for her lover Antony and subsequently completed by their enemy Octavian, though none of this remains. in situ



Cecil Hotel
Built in 1930,  Smerset Maugham stayed here, as did Winston Churchill, and the British Secret Service one maintained a suite for their operations.


the Graeco-Roman Museum
The museum was first built in 1892 as a small building , then In 1895 it was transferred to the present site near Gamal Abdul Nasser Road , contains a very big variety of coins from different countries, chronologically arranged, and dating back from 630 BC to the Ottoman period in the 19th century. The collection, which covers the period from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century AD, is a fascinating record of civilization in the process of change as religions merged and society evolved.

The wonderful old villas
include the massive Miclavez building, which is opposite the Town Hall and nearby the Adda Complex built in 1929. 

Fort of Quit Bay
Was built in the 1480's by Sultan Qaitbey, on the site of Alexandria's ancient lighthouse . Parts of the remains of the lighthouse can be seen in the construction of the old fort.

The St. Marcos Church
This church reputedly was established by St. Mark the Evangelist who brought Christianity to Egypt . The current church is built on the remains of an earlier church and is in the basilica style. The church has a large hall that leads to the 11th century cemetery of Coptic archbishops.

The Corniche
The Corniche is lined with beaches, with full tourist facilities, from the city centre outwards.

Shatby Tombs
The tomb dates from the third century BC and was patterned after an old Greek house with an entrance, a front room, and a back room. It is very similar to the ones found in the Anfushi district, and is considered to be Alexandria 's oldest tomb.

 


 

Anfushi Tombs
limestone tombs, which date from about 250 BC, are painted to simulate alabaster and marble. They are decorated with pictures of Egyptian gods and daily life, along with graffiti, which also dates from the same period. 

The Mosque of Mursi Abu Al-Abbas
O
ne of the most important Islamic monuments. In 1775 the Algerians built the mosque over the tomb of the thirteenth century Andalusan saint Ahmed Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi who had joined and then lead the Shadhali brotherhood.

The Royal Jewlery Museum
It was once the palace of Fatma el-Zahara and is an architectural masterpiece, Its halls contain many rare paintings, statues and decorations. An inestimable collection of jewels of the Mohamed Ali Dynasty (19th century) is also exhibited.

Montazah Gardens and Palaces
115 acre complex is surrounded by great walls from the south, east and west, and with the beach on its north side. This area used to belong to the Mohamed Ali family, that ruled Egypt from the mid 19th century until 1952. The construction was started in 1892 by King Abbas II, who built a large palace inside the complex called the Salamlek. In 1932, King Fuad built a larger palace and called it the Haramlik. His son, King Farouk, built a bridge to the sea to act as a water front. The rest of the 115 acres is nothing but beautiful gardens. Palm trees and rare plants .